How Many Neutrons Does Sodium Have?

December 14, 2023
David Sunnyside

Sodium is an alkali metal and it has one stable isotope. Its nucleus has 11 protons and 12 neutrons and it is not radioactive. The number of neutrons in an atom is equal to the atomic number and you can find that information on any periodic table.

Electrons are the permanent core particles of an atom and they reside in a specific orbit around the nucleus. They are negatively charged and they provide the element with its chemical properties. Protons and electrons are the two most common parts of an atom.

In this article we will discuss how many neutrons does sodium have. To do this we will use the Periodic Table of the Elements. You can find any element on the Table and see its atomic number, which is also its symbol. Next, we will take the atomic number of the element and subtract it from the total number of protons. In this case we will subtract 23 from 11, which gives us 12. The number of neutrons in an atomic nucleus is the difference between the total number of protons and the total mass number of the atom.

Scientist Chadwick discovered neutrons in 1932 and they are located in the center or nucleus of an atom. They are a charge-neutral particle and they have a mass of 1.674 x 10-19 coulombs. Neutrons can help atoms gain or lose electrical energy. They are also important for the stability of an atom and its reaction with other elements.

David Sunnyside
Co-founder of Urban Splatter • Digital Marketer • Engineer • Meditator
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