Smart Farming Using IoT in Agriculture

June 17, 2023
David Sunnyside

The internet of things is making its way into every facet of our lives. Agriculture is no exception.

IoT-based technology is helping farmers with precision farming. The whole process is software-managed and sensor-monitored, resulting in lower prices for higher yields and quality improvements. This is what smart farming is all about.

IoT-based Sensors

IoT sensors monitor all aspects of agricultural fields, including lighting, soil conditions, and temperature, which helps farmers collect a huge amount of data. This enables them to estimate optimal amounts of water, fertilizers, pesticides, and other chemicals needed for better crop yields.

Another benefit of IoT in agriculture is real-time weather monitoring. This enables farmers to choose crops that will thrive under the specific climatic conditions. This reduces the risk of losing a significant portion of their harvest due to bad climate conditions.

Moreover, IoT in agriculture also assists in tracking livestock health. It allows farmers to detect flu breakouts much earlier and separate healthy animals from infected ones. In addition, IoT can help in monitoring the water levels of huge tanks. This saves a lot of time and effort of farmers as well as prevents them from wasting precious resources. Other benefits include cost management, waste reduction, and increased business efficiency through process automation.

IoT-based Software

Once the data is collected and analyzed, smart farming systems alert farmers to potential issues. Based on the problems identified, they automatically manage your farm processes. This automation allows for a high level of precision and 24/7 control. It also helps to reduce water usage, energy consumption, and inputs like fertilizers.

For instance, IoT-based sensors monitor temperature, soil conditions and lighting on farms. This information helps to maintain ideal climate conditions in the fields and reduces risks for farmers. It also allows for the remote mounting of water levels in huge tanks.

To ensure that data is transmitted in real time, IoT sensors must have reliable connectivity with gateways. In addition, smart agriculture requires specialization because you might need a specific solution to monitor your greenhouses and another for monitoring your crops. These solutions should be compatible with each other and able to work in harsh environmental conditions. They should also be easy to install and maintain.

IoT-based Hardware

As the world's population grows and natural resources get scarcer, it is important to find new ways to increase crop production volumes. One way to do this is by using IoT technologies in agriculture.

IoT farming sensors and devices can provide farmers with real-time data about their crops, weather conditions, and other factors that impact yields. This information can help farmers optimize their production processes and improve the quality of their crops.

Drought monitoring: IoT technology can alert farmers to water shortages so they can take steps to conserve water and prevent waste. Other sensors can monitor the health of livestock and log performance, so farmers can identify problems early and make adjustments to keep animals healthy.

IoT farming equipment can automate process to increase efficiency and reduce labor costs. IoT farming solutions use cellular (2G, 4G LTE-M/NB-IoT), LoRaWAN(r), and Sigfox connectivity modules to connect devices and transfer data to the cloud. This enables remote control of farm activities and data analytics to support decision-making.

IoT-based Applications

IoT technology in agriculture can improve productivity and reduce costs by automating many business processes. For example, IoT-based sensors can monitor soil conditions and adjust water flow rates based on the needs of crops. This allows crops to get the nutrients they need without over or under-watering them. This is also beneficial for the environment because it reduces water and fertilizer consumption.

Another benefit of IoT in agriculture is reducing risks for farmers. Sensors can detect weather conditions like temperature, humidity and rainfall very accurately. This helps farmers choose the best crops for a particular climatic condition. It also helps them determine when to sow, plant and harvest their crops.

IoT technology in agriculture can also improve livestock management by tracking animals’ health, location and well-being. For example, IoT-based systems can identify sick animals and separate them from the herd. This can help reduce animal diseases and decrease labor costs.

David Sunnyside
Co-founder of Urban Splatter • Digital Marketer • Engineer • Meditator
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